Answers to today's medical questions through blogs and articles

Surgery

What is Flap Reconstruction?

 

Breast Reconstruction
DIEP Flap Reconstruction

Flap reconstruction is typically a way to rebuild a breast into a desired shape using muscle, skin and fat from another section of the body. Many times it is done as part of a breast reconstruction which must be performed after a mastectomy. But it can also be done for those women who have had problems with normal breast development. Another term for tissue flap surgery is “autologous” which simply means that the tissue used in the reconstructive surgery comes from the person’s body and not another source.  In most cases, breast reconstruction surgery will require more than a single operation. The first part of the surgery can be done at the same time a mastectomy is performed, but it can also be done as a separate procedure. The areola and nipple are usually created later on.

Types of Breast Augmentation Surgeries

Types of breast augmentation
Saline Vs Silicone

One of the most common procedures performed by plastic surgeons in New Jersey is the breast augmentation. This is a cosmetic surgery through which the breasts are enlarged. There are typically many different personal reasons for seeking a breast augmentation which can help improve the appearance of the breasts including their shape and size. A breast augmentation is a surgical procedure through which breast implants are inserted so that the breasts are enlarged and fuller in appearance. Cosmetic surgeons use the procedure to enlarge small breasts, achieve a more aesthetically pleasing symmetry or to restore the lost volume of the breasts. The procedure became popular in the US in the 80s and has been continually growing in popularity. Nearly 300,000 women elect to have this type of cosmetic surgery done each year. It is an individual decision a woman must make, but there can be very unique reasons for choosing a breast augmentation.

What is a Breast Lift?

Breast Lift Procedure
Woman after a breast lift

A woman’s breasts can begin to sag for any number of reasons; age is the most common as gravity does its job. Gaining or losing weight, changes in the skin or a pregnancy can all cause the once perky breasts to need a little lift. A breast lift is also called a mastoplexy and it is the only type of plastic surgery which repositions the breast back in the proper place. The ultimate goal of a breast lift surgery is to make sure that the breasts are restored to their higher and more youthful position. Since most of the time, sagging occurs because of overstretched skin; a breast lift will remove the extra skin and tighten up the underlying tissues so that the breasts can be supported at a higher, more aesthetically pleasing position.

What is Platysmaplasty?

Neck Lift
Platysmaplasty or Neck Lift

For many people, the neck can show their age before their face and sometimes they desire to have a cosmetic surgeon perform a neck lift, or a platysmaplasty. This cosmetic procedure will remove or alter the muscles in the neck. In many cases, a cosmetic surgeon will also perform other procedures such as liposuction which removes any excess fat; or a cervicoplasty which is a cosmetic procedure through which excess skin is removed from the area of the neck. Botox may also be used to help remove some of the bands, or fullness of the neck. A neck lift may be comprised of any combination of these procedures which are performed in order to enhance or improve the appearance of the neck area.

What is Lumbar Laminectomy?

Relived legs
Woman’s legs

A lumbar laminectomy is a surgical procedure that is also known as an open decompression. The procedure is designed to relieve the pressure that is on the spinal nerve or spinal cord by opening or widening the spinal canal. During the procedure, the lamina which is a small section of the bone on the spine is removed so that there is more room for the nerves. An open decompression, or lumbar laminectomy is typically suggested by a physician for those patients who suffer from back pain caused by neural impingement. The surgical procedure relieves the pressure by enlarging the spinal canal.

Preventing Varicose Veins

Woman's legs
Woman’s legs

Varicose veins are a very common occurrence as roughly 50 percent of the women in the United States and about 40 percent of the men will suffer from some sort of vein problem. Typically about half of the people who are 50 years of age and older will be affected by varicose veins. Veins in the body are vessels which carry nutrients and oxygen to the body cells via the blood. The veins also carry various types of waste products such as carbon dioxide away from the cells so that the cells do not become cluttered. Varicose veins can develop if steady blood flow is interrupted. This interruption can cause blood to pool in small amounts in the veins and the veins enlarge in response.

Common Treatment Options

There are ways to effectively treat varicose veins through lifestyle changes or medical treatment options. The goal is to relieve the symptoms, prevent complications from developing and improve appearance. Some simple lifestyle changes may be appropriate if there are no complications or if the condition is mild.

Types of Joint Replacements

Joint Replacement
Joint Pain

There are several types of joint replacements that are commonly performed. Board certified surgeons can perform hip replacements, knee replacements, and shoulder replacements. These are the most common types of replacements but finger, toe and elbow joints can also be replaced. Most of the time, a joint is replaced to increase a person’s mobility and improve function. What type of joint replacement is used will depend largely on which type of joint is being replaced; and the types of movements that are required from the joint. There are several different arthroplastic replacements that are available.

What is Varicocelectomy?

Varicocelectomy
Varicocelectomy Surgery

A varicocelectomy is a surgical procedure that is performed in which a varicocele is removed. Varicoceles are veins which are located in the testicles. The vein is similar to a varicose vein found in the legs. Many times, varicoceles occur on the left portions of the scrotum and typically appear after puberty. A varicocele will not just go away; a varicocelectomy is required in many cases in order to correct the condition.  If you are interested in learning more about this procedure and would like to consult with a doctor, contact a vein doctor near you today to make an appointment.