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What is Scoliosis?

ScoliosisSpinal curvature is a sign of a disease by the name of scoliosis. Infantile scoliosis is diagnosed for children under three years old and juvenile scoliosis is reserved for those from four to ten. Everyone’s spine has a slight natural curve to it, but those with scoliosis have a spine that seems to curve too much. Instead of a nearly straight “l”, the sufferers back looks more like a “C” or an “S”. Here is the run down on the causes, signs and symptoms, tests, treatment options, and a general outlook for those who have Scoliosis in NJ.

Some individuals, at birth, have a higher chance of having a curved spine. When the body enters into a growth spurt, the curving ends up getting even worse. Two different types of scoliosis are congenital scoliosis and neuromuscular scoliosis. Congenital is present at the birth of a child. Generally a baby’s ribs or spine bones do not form correctly. Neuromuscular scoliosis, on the other hand, is caused when a nervous system problem, such as polio, spina bifida, cerebral palsy, or muscular dystrophy, effects your muscles.

Symptoms are pretty simple. Uneven shoulders is one sign that you might have scoliosis. Uneven hip is another thing to check for. The obvious would be the curve in the spine. Sufferers often feel tired in the spine area after long-term standing or sitting. If any, or all, of these symptoms are true for you, call up a spine doctor in Short Hills and schedule an appointment. They can discuss with you what the exact problem is and what you can go about doing about fixing it.

A quick look at the patients back will give you an idea of whether they have scoliosis or not. Further tests that may need taken is spinal curve measurement and MRI.

Treatment of scoliosis all depends on what the cause of the disease is, where on your spine the curve is, if the curve is extremely large, and if you have stopped growing yet. Idiopathic scoliosis sufferers need no treatment at all but should visit the doctor every six months to have everything checked out.

Younger sufferers may have the option of using a back brace to prevent any more curving in your spine. Your doctor will pick the best brace for you and as you grow, you can adjust it to fit better. Braces are generally reserved for patients older than ten.

Surgery to correct as much of the spines curve as possible is available. The bones are braced with metal rods held down by hooks and screws. Once everything heals you may still need to wear a brace to make sure that your spine is staying still. Surgery is required if it is getting worse quickly.

It is important for scoliosis sufferers receive additional treatment to include emotional support. Physical therapy is important as well, focusing on having strong back muscles.

Those who catch this disease early do exceptionally well with braces and do not have lasting problems. Others, however, can end up with more severe complications, including breathing problems, persistent pain, spine or nerve damage from a curve that has not been corrected, or a spinal infection after the surgery.

There are routine scoliosis screenings done in middle schools and junior highs. This screening process has helped detect many cases of scoliosis early and most likely greatly changed the futures of those individuals. If your spine seems to be curving, and getting progressively worse, you should contact a doctor and see them as soon as possible. When scoliosis is caught early, there is more of a chance that the long-term affects of the disease can be negated.

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