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How to Treat Sun Spots

Sun Spots on the back

There is nothing quite as enjoyable as a warm New Jersey summer afternoon where the sun invites everyone to come out and enjoy it. It feels warm, and most people enjoy having a beautiful tan. Even though these temporary results are pleasant, any dermatologist can explain the long term dangers of over exposure to the sun’s damaging rays. Too much time in the sun can cause skin damage which show in the form of skin laxity, wrinkles, skin cancers or discolorations. Sun spots are very common among those who spend too much time soaking in the sun’s warm rays.

What are sun spots?

Sun spots appear as dark areas of skin. These are typically brown, but sometimes they can be gray in color. These areas of darkened skin are formed when the skin is exposed to the sun which triggers it to produce melancytes and they make too much pigment. As a general rule, sun spots are typical for fair skinned individuals, but it is possible for darker skinned individuals to develop sunspots as well. Fortunately there are some treatment options to help improve the skin’s appearance.

Topical Treatment Options

In rare cases, sun spots can be cancerous but it is always a good idea to have any suspicious looking spot examined by a qualified dermatologist in Short Hills NJ. If there are any dramatic changes in the appearance of the skin or in the way it feels a dermatologist should examine it to ensure there is no presence of cancer. In most cases, sun spots are treatable. There are some over the counter pharmaceutical products which may help to lighten darkened areas of skin. There are also some prescriptions which can effectively treat sun spots. Topical treatment options that are sometimes prescribed by dermatologists for treating sun spots might include creams, gels or ointments. These are sometimes called field therapy which will treat the entire surface of the skin including areas which were not affected or areas which have not yet darkened. They can also protect the skin so that future sun spots do not occur.  There are also several types of dermatological procedures which can effectively treat sun spots.

Dermatological Procedures

A dermatologist may suggest a wide variety of treatment options to rid the skin of sun spots. Laser therapy is a common procedure which destroys the cells that are responsible for making the extra pigment. Laser therapy uses Cryotherapy uses freezing to destroy the extra pigment. Liquid nitrogen is used to freeze the skin and the spots will peel off in approximately 10 to 20 days. Chemical peels and Dermabrasion both are used to remove the top layer of skin which has been damaged. This allows for a healthy new layer of skin to grow back in its place. Most treatment options will permanently remove sun spots. Some of the treatment options will only need one application, but some of them may require several treatments for the sun spots to be completely removed. However, it is important to take the proper precautions to prevent them from occurring again.

What to do if You Develop Sun Spots

At the first sign of sun spots it is advisable to make an appointment with a dermatologist who can examine them and make a proper diagnosis. Not only can they ease your mind as to whether they are cancerous or not, then can also discuss the various treatment options which are available for you. They will know what types of treatment options will be most effective for your particular skin type. The dermatologist can also explain how to prevent sun spots by wearing sun screen and avoiding excessive exposure to the sun’s harmful rays.

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