Over the last few years liposuction has grown in popularity and has become one of the most commonly performed cosmetic procedures in the US. In 1974, the original form of liposuction was invented by a gynecologist from Italy named Dr. Giorgio Fischer. In 1978 two more French physicians Fournier and Illouz continued the development of the procedure. By the early 80s liposuction had become very popular in the US but had a lot of negative publicity because of some negative results such as excessive bleeding and unsightly rippling of the skin following the procedure. In its early years liposuction was a “dry” method which led to the many adverse side effects and complications.
Dr. Illouz a French surgeon developed a “wet” method in which saline solution was injected into the treatment area. This helped to reduce the loss of blood and helped make the removal of the fatty tissue go much easier. By the mid 80s, Dr. Jeffrey A. Klein a dermatologist located in California had invented the tumescent technique to be used for liposuction. This technique revolutionized the cosmetic procedure of liposuction. He simply added lidocaine, an anesthetic, to the solution that was injected. The new technique also used a much smaller cannula which allowed patients to have their liposuction procedure performed only using a local anesthesia. Patients were able to have the cosmetic procedure done without having to fear excessive bleeding or various types of unsightly skin depressions.
By late in the 90s the ultrasound had been introduced to help facilitate the removal of fat. The ultrasound was beneficial to the procedure because it would use ultrasonic energy to first liquefy fat cells. At first there was much success but then numerous complications began to discourage plastic surgeons from using the newly developed method. Since it was considered to be cutting edge technology, many plastic surgeons continued to work with the ultrasound technology. Ultrasound liposuction works by using sound waves to target fat cells in the targeted area. This allows fat cells to be easily removed and it causes less damage to surrounding tissues, nerves, muscles and blood vessels.
In more recent years, various technologies have given the plastic surgeon a tipped probe to work with. This is used to induce thermal lipoysis and has many benefits over some of the traditional methods. Liposuction has continued to develop and improve over the last 3 decades until fat cells are more easily removed with very little loss of blood, discomfort and with minimal risk. Some of the more recent developments that are occurring in the technological field of liposuction are suggesting that the required recovery period is becoming shorter as well. One of the latest developments in this cosmetic procedure is to reuse the expelled fat as a natural filler to enhance other body features. Plastic surgeons refer to this process as an “autologous fat transfer.” Basically, the liposuction is used to remove fat from one area of the body where it is not wanted, then it is cleaned and re-injected into another part of the body where there is special contouring desired.
Over the years liposuction has been used on various sections of the body. It is perhaps most known for being used to help firm up the abdomen but other areas of the body can also benefit from the procedure. It can be used on the facial and neck areas, hips, outer thighs or buttocks, inner thighs, knees, legs, ankles, breasts calves or arms. It is a successful procedure that has been developed through many years of practical research and use.