Gastroenterology is the study of the normal function and diseases of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon and rectum, pancreas, gallbladder, bile ducts and liver. It involves a detailed understanding of the normal action of the gastrointestinal organs including the movement of material through the stomach and intestine, the digestion and absorption of nutrients into the body, removal of waste from the system, and the function of the liver as a digestive organ.
An appendectomy is surgery to remove the appendix when it’s infected. This condition is called appendicitis. The appendix is a thin pouch that is attached to the large intestine. It sits in the lower right part of your belly. If you have appendicitis, your appendix must be removed right away.
A colectomy is a type of surgery used to treat colon diseases. These include cancer, inflammatory disease or diverticulitis. The surgery is done by removing a portion of the colon. The colon is part of the large intestine. When treating cancer, the surgeon will often remove the part of the colon that appears to have cancer.
A colonoscopy is a procedure that lets your healthcare provider check the inside of your entire colon. The procedure is done using a long, flexible tube called a colonoscope. The tube has a light and a tiny camera on one end. It is put in your rectum and moved into your colon. The tube can also be used to: clean the lining of your colon using irrigation, remove any liquid stool with a suction device, inject air into your bowel to make it easier to see inside and work inside your bowel with surgical tools.
A cholecystectomy is a surgery to remove your gallbladder. The gallbladder is a small organ under your liver. It is on the upper right side of your belly or abdomen. The gallbladder stores a digestive juice called bile which is made in the liver.
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography is a procedure to diagnose and treat problems in the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, and pancreas. It combines X-ray and the use of an endoscope, a long, flexible, lighted tube. Your healthcare provider guides the scope through your mouth and throat, then down the esophagus, stomach, and the first part of the small intestine. Your healthcare provider can view the inside of these organs and check for problems.
Esophageal Stent Procedure
In an esophageal stent procedure, a tube is placed in your esophagus to keep open a blocked area. The tube helps you swallow solids and liquids. Your esophagus is the muscular tube connecting the back of your mouth to your stomach. When you swallow, the muscles of your esophagus contract and they propel food into your stomach.
Upper GI Endoscopy
An upper GI endoscopy is a procedure to diagnose and treat problem in your upper GI tract. The upper GI tract includes your food pipe, stomach, and the first part of your small intestine. The procedure is done using a long, flexible tube called an endoscope. The tube is put into your mouth and throat. Then it is slowly pushed through your esophagus and stomach, and into your duodenum.
Hemorrhoids are swollen, or varicose veins in the rectum and around the anus. Hemorrhoids can be itchy, painful and bothersome. They may be internal, within the rectum, or may be external, on the anus. External hemorrhoids are more apt to cause pain and itching, though both external and internal hemorrhoids produce bright red rectal bleeding. Hemorrhoids can be treated with simple homecare, but sometimes medical intervention is indicated. Your healthcare provider may use the HET system for the treatment of bleeding internal hemorrhoids. The HET system is a non-invasive, non-surgical hemorrhoid treatment that uses a combination of tissue compression and bipolar energy applied to internal hemorrhoids. The treatment is applied to a pain free area inside the rectum to reduce blood flow hemorrhoids. As a result, discomfort and bleeding are diminished.