How to Prevent the Risk of Diabetes

Risks of Diabetes
This guest post was written by Efraim Landa

Efraim Landa is the founder of Effi Enterprises a Venture capital firm that funds medical start ups.

Diabetes is on the rise in the United States. According to the 2014 National Diabetes Statistics Report, nearly 10 percent of the American population has diabetes, and more than 8 million are yet undiagnosed. Diabetes is a medical condition that is characterized by elevated blood sugar levels. The levels of blood sugar in the blood are controlled by the substance insulin. Insulin is a necessary pancreatic hormone, but in diabetics, it is produced less often, or the body simply does not respond the way it should to that insulin. There are two types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is formerly known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is formerly known as adult-onset or non-insulin-dependent diabetes. There are a number of differences between these two types of diabetes. The first type of diabetes, type 1, typically occurs in childhood (but not always), and its causes are still unknown. Type 1 only accounts for between 5 and 10 percent of all diabetics. Type 2 diabetes typically occurs in adulthood (but can occur at nearly any age), and it is largely preventable. This article contains information on how to prevent the risk of type 2 diabetes. Continue reading

Spider Veins and Aging

Spider Vein Dangers

Spider Vein Dangers

Aging is a part of life. That’s a fact that not one of us can change, but it doesn’t mean that as we age we’re required to throw our arms up and just surrender to the myriad things that can go wrong within our bodies. Thankfully, we all have a say in how we age, and it’s called prevention. Millions of Americans have spider veins, and thousands more develop them every day, especially as the U.S. population get older. However, like many other conditions, there are things we all can do to help prevent the development of spider veins, even as each of us moves into middle age and beyond. On the other hand, there are health conditions we may suffer from that have little or even nothing to do with the steps we’ve taken to prevent them, especially if we’ve suffered injuries. And the development of spider veins is no different. The best we can do is learn the truth about how spider veins can affect us as we get older, including risk factors and preventive measures, and then take all the necessary steps we can to avoid them. Continue reading

Are Spider Veins Dangerous?

Aging  and Spider VeinsSpiders may not be pretty, but most of them aren’t dangerous. And that’s true for spider veins as well. Spider veins in Northern New Jersey are those webbed, purplish veins that typically develop on the legs and feet. They’re rather unsightly, yes, and they sometimes keep you from wearing the clothes you like. But are spider veins ever dangerous to your health? Are spider veins the same as varicose veins? If you’re a person who has spider veins, or you know someone who has them and is concerned about them, following is more information on the threats to health that they can pose, as well as the risk factors for the development of spider veins and preventive measures that can be taken to avoid them.

Spider veins typically are caused by poor or inadequate blood circulation. It’s necessary as the heart pumps blood for it to move optimally through veins and blood vessels in order to flow to all the necessary parts of the body. If valves become faulty for some reason, blood can pool and become stagnate in veins. This can lead to the development of such venous conditions as spider veins and varicose veins. It’s important to note that there is a difference between spider veins and varicose veins, and that spider veins typically don’t lead to varicose veins. Spider veins look like a network of webby, purplish veins that generally show up on the legs and feet. They can, however, show up on other parts of the body that contain veins, such as on the face around the nose, chin, and cheeks. Spider veins are different from varicose veins because they don’t really bulge out like varicose veins do. Spider veins show up closer to the surface of the skin than varicose veins do, varicose veins can develop pretty deep into the skin. Additionally, though physicians and researchers may not always agree that spider veins can’t become varicose veins, it is true that spider veins don’t have to become varicose veins. It is proven, however, that varicose veins are a more dangerous health risk than spider veins. In fact, spider veins typically are harmless.

Spider veins rarely are accompanied by health risk. Most people who have developed spider veins on their legs or anywhere else on their bodies, including their faces, never have any other symptoms associated with their spider veins. Yes, spider veins aren’t pretty. In fact, they’re pretty ugly, and most people who have them likely want to get rid of them. However, spider veins don’t pose a health risk to most of the people who have them, regardless of where they are on their bodies. It’s important to note, however, that if you’re someone who has spider veins that become painful or cause other symptoms such as difficulty walking, heaviness in the legs, burning, itching, or throbbing, you should contact your physician or a vein treatment center immediately. Because spider veins are caused by faulty valves, inadequate circulation, and blood pooling, patients who develop any of the above associated symptoms should never take them lightly.

There are steps that can be taken to decrease the risk of developing spider veins in the first place. First, leading a healthy lifestyle that includes proper nutrition and regular exercise is one of the most effective ways to avoid getting spider veins. Because a healthy lifestyle helps to promote proper blood flow throughout the body, the chance a person will develop spider or varicose veins diminishes. Although heredity, hormonal changes, and pregnancy are al l risk factors for developing spider veins, taking necessary steps to avoid spider veins can help. Additionally, because a sedentary lifestyle and obesity are also risk factors for developing spider veins, it’s important to exercise regularly in order to promote optimal blood circulation. Also, because tight clothes can restrict proper blood flow through the body, avoidance of tight clothes, especially tight pants, is important. It’s also important to avoid wearing high heels. Compression stockings are helpful in promoting healthy blood flow and, for those whose jobs require them to sit or stand for long periods of time, it’s important to move around as much as possible in order to promote proper circulation.

Spider veins are aptly named because they typically form webs of bluish, reddish veins. The reason they look like this is because blood is pooling in damaged veins and becoming stagnate. This may sound dangerous, but in the case of spider veins, it’s usually not a huge deal. In fact, most people who have spider veins never have any pain or other associated symptoms. Of course, that doesn’t mean they want to live with those webby veins all over their legs forever. If you’re someone who has spider veins that you’d like to have treated, contact a vein center in Northern New Jersey to schedule a consultation regarding the various treatment options available.

Spider Veins and Pregnancy

Pregnancy and Spider VeinsPregnancy is such a magical time in a woman’s life, isn’t it? That special glow you get when you have life growing inside you. That special treatment you get from your friends, family, and coworkers. And all those special things that are going on inside your body … the weight gain, the morning sickness, and not to mention all those ugly spider veins webbing out all over your legs. As if all the changes your body was already going through weren’t enough, was it really necessary for pregnancy to do this to you, too?! If you’re a pregnant woman who’s noticing those webbed, purplish veins developing most likely on your legs, you’re probably wondering a few things. How did you get spider veins? Is there anything you can do to keep them from getting bigger? What about after you deliver; will the spider veins go away? And, most important of all, will spider veins affect your baby? Continue reading

Common Myths About Spider Veins

Myths About Spider VeinsSpider veins? Oh, yeah, those are those ugly, purple, webby veins that only grandmas get on their legs. They’re strictly for old people. And men don’t get them, so since I’m a guy, I don’t have to worry about getting spider veins. I know my mom has them, but since spider veins aren’t genetic, that means my sister doesn’t have to worry about getting them either. These are just a few of the myths about spider veins that have been successfully debunked with the advancement of medical science. Only old people get them; they only show up on the legs; they’re not passed down from one generation to another, etc., etc. So, what’s the truth about spider veins – those thin, red-blue, webbed lines that appear on the surface of the skin? Can younger people get spider veins? What about men? Can men get spider veins? With all the untruths and half truths floating around about spider veins, vein centers in New Jersey say … it’s time to set the record straight. Continue reading

What is The History of Ebola?

History of Ebola

History of Ebola

It has been compared to Bubonic plague and AIDS. Formerly referred to as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a severe human illness that is often fatal. There has been quite a stir in recent news reports, and some might even say hysteria. With outbreaks in West Africa, and now cases reported in the United States, Ebola is one of the major topics on many evening news and talk shows. How much is known about this deadly disease varies from one country to the next, but the fact remains that millions in the U.S. know very little about it. Oftentimes, however, it is important to learn as much as possible about a thing in order to overcome our fears of it. Following is information about the history of Ebola, as well as what is being done around the world at present to control and potentially eradicate it.

According to the website of the World Health Organization (WHO), here are some of the key facts regarding Ebola:

  • Ebola is transmitted to people from wild animals.
  • Ebola spreads in humans through human-to-human transmission.
  • The first Ebola, or EVD, outbreaks occurred in Central Africa’s tropical rainforests.
  • The most recent outbreak of Ebola occurred in West Africa, both in rural and urban dwellings.
  • The average fatality rate of the disease is approximately 50 percent; however, rates have varied from 25 percent to as high as 90 percent in past outbreaks.
  • Early care that includes rehydration and symptomatic treatment improves a patient’s survival rate.

EVD first appeared in 1976 during two outbreaks that occurred simultaneously. One of these was in the Sudan. The other occurred in a village in the Democratic Republic of Congo (then Zaire) that lies near the EbolaRiver, from which the disease’s name was derived. These outbreaks reportedly were quickly contained. They affected 318 people and resulted in the deaths of 280 of these patients. The 1976 surge of the disease was traced to contaminated hospital needles. Reports state that only five syringes were used daily to treat all patients. The hospital was closed, and the outbreak was contained quickly thereafter. However, reports also include the fact that community behaviors changed during this outbreak, to which scientists greatly attribute the relatively swift containment of the disease. For instance, traditional burial practices were changed, and this often stopped uncontaminated people from contracting Ebola from those who had already died from it. Today, some of the same scientists who worked to contain the first outbreaks are weighing in again in order to contain its spread.

Since September 2014, the latest outbreak of Ebola has infected more than 7,400 people, and it has claimed the lives of more than 4,900, the WHO reports. The current outbreak that began in West Africa saw its first cases in March of 2014. This is reported as the largest and most complex outbreak of the disease since its discovery in 1976. In fact, the statistics of the WHO are that there have been more deaths involved in the current Ebola outbreak than all other occurrences combined. Additionally, the disease has spread across land borders to Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Senegal, and now to the United States. It is important for all Americans to note that the areas that are the most severely affected are those countries that contain the weakest health systems and infrastructural resources. On August 8, the director-general of the WHO declared the latest Ebola outbreak a ‘Public Health Emergency of International Concern.’

As the medical and scientific communities work tirelessly to learn as much as possible about this deadly disease, including the best and most effective methods of controlling, preventing, and erasing its existence, there are things people can do to aid in its containment. The first step is raising awareness of the risk factors for Ebola infection. Individuals can take preventive measures in order to reduce human-to-human transmission. Some of these factors, according to the WHO, include:

  • Wildlife-to-human transmission from contact with infected monkeys/apes or fruit bats and their consumption of raw meat should be reduced.
  • Animals should always be handled with protective clothing, including gloves.
  • All animal products should be thoroughly cooked before consumed.
  • Protective clothing should be worn when caring for ill patients.
  • Anyone who may have been in contact with someone infected by Ebola should identify him/herself or be identified.

If the only thing we have to fear is fear itself, it would stand to reason that fearing Ebola is not as effective a tool in fighting it as learning as much as possible about its history and prevention. Though an often fatal disease, like other diseases, Ebola can be controlled and erased. In fact, immunological and drug therapies are now under development, according to the WHO. Additionally, potential vaccines are undergoing evaluation. It is important for people to remember that there was a time when humans believed the Black Death would never cease. Today, the plague is a tragic note in history. Through the rigorous medical research currently being conducted, Ebola can prove to be the same.