Causes of Back Pain in Young Adults

Back Pain in Young AdultsBack pain… it’s something that most people probably equate to growing older. Most of us have had a parent, grandparent, or even great grandparent who suffered from back pain and, naturally, we likely figured they were experiencing that pain because they were elderly. However, as unfortunate as it may sound, back pain isn’t just confined to seniors. The fact is that young people can experience back pain as well, and although it may not be as prevalent in youth as it is in the elderly, it can be just as bad, or even worse, when it occurs in young people. After all, when we’re young, we expect to be able to be at the top of our game. We look forward to living a long, active, and vibrant life, and we don’t expect something like back pain to get in our way. Following is more information from top spine specialists in New Jersey regarding the various causes of back pain in young adults, as well as prevention and treatment options. Continue reading “Causes of Back Pain in Young Adults”

How to Describe Back Pain

There are many adjectives that can be used to describe a pain. It is important that you are able to convey your message to a spine doctor in Millburn, NJ and tell them exactly what kind of pain you are feeling. The better the description, the more information the doctor has about that symptom. Here are a variety of different ways that you can express your pain to those around you.

Back Pain
Back Pain

Trying to describe how a pain feels can be difficult at first and frustrating. Instead of descriptive hints to explain the extent of what you are feeling you can only come up with “it hurts”. It is challenging for doctors to evaluate pain because it is experienced by everyone differently. It is highly subjective: what hurts for one person may not hurt at all for another. But where doctors generally begin is by asking how much it hurts on a scale of one to ten. The doctor will then describe the possible results. If a pain gets a 0 or a 1 then it is next to nothing. If you pick a ten, it is the worst pain that you have ever felt in your life. Again, the subjective change seems to limit the accuracy of this scale for each individual. Continue reading “How to Describe Back Pain”

Common Back Pain Questions

Pain in lower back
Back Pain

Here are ten important questions about common back pain that are asked often and answers to each.

The first question that most people ask about common back pains is what exactly is causing the pain. Strained and stretched muscles is one of the most common causes of back pain. Past injuries that may have damaged the tissue, muscle, or bones of the back is another culprit. A herniated or slipped disc can cause pain. Osteoporosis, obesity, long-term poor posture, and pregnancy are some other things that can cause back pain. Continue reading “Common Back Pain Questions”

What is TMJ?

TMJ
TMJ

TMJ, or the temporomandibular joint, is like a sliding hinge that connects your jaw bone to the rest of your body. Temporomandibular joint disorders can cause a lot of pain in your jaw joint and in the muscles controlling your jaw’s movements. Here is some information about the temporomandibular joint you should know if you’re having any problems. Continue reading “What is TMJ?”

Recent Advances in Joint Replacements

Joint Replacements
Joint Replacements

In the United States alone there are around 200,000 total hip replacements and almost 500,000 total knee replacements each year. Most experts estimate that by the year 2030 it is likely that we could see 600,000 hip replacements a year and nearly 3 million total knee replacements. Overall, orthopedic surgeons in NJ have made total joint replacement one of the most successful modern surgical procedures. Part of this success is due to the constant improvements being made in both technological surgical techniques and the advancement of materials that are used to construct the new joints. The most recent developments in techniques and instrumentation help make joint replacements successful.

Latest Materials being used for Joint Replacements

Over the years there have been a wide variety of materials used to construct the components that make up joint replacements. Orthopedic surgeons have used precious metals, ivory, glass, Teflon, and several different types of synthetic materials. After years of experimentation and research, there are three materials which are typically used in joint replacements: ceramics, metal or polyethylene. Each of the joints wear in different ways and therefore different materials are used depending on the particular joint.

Materials Used for Hip Replacements

The hip is a ball and socket joint which is under stress as a result of rotation. Polyethylene is a specially designed plastic that has been used for years in hip replacement surgeries. The trouble was that with wear and tear a lot of damaging debris could make life difficult for the patient and require extended care to correct. The last few years have brought about changes in the design of the hip joint and the polyethylene is upgraded and constructed using radiation which creates a higher density. This helps decrease the wear and tear on the joint and keeps debris from forming. The size of the ball has also been changed in order to further the implants longevity.

Advancements in Knee Replacements

The knee is a different type of joint and one that is hinged. The use of the latest advancements in polyethylene are presently being used in some knee replacement surgeries, but it is still in the state of transition since what works in the ball and joint socket of the hip wears differently in the knee. Ceramic has been one of the main materials used in knee replacement procedures in order to use less metal in their construction. The trouble is that it has to be cemented in place. Having moveable parts helps to reduce the amount of wear on each of the knee components. Right now metal on metal components are being studied and it is certain that more changes are coming in the near future.

Shoulder Replacement Advancements

The shoulder is a completely different type of joint replacement procedure as it is a joint that does not have to bear any weight. Even though the shoulder joint is similar to a ball and socket, it does have more sliding action that what the hip has. The wear and tear of the shoulder comes from activity rather than weight bearing. The latest advancements in shoulder replacements include using metal components on plastic components. The improved quality of polyethylene helps to improve the mobility of this joint as well as ensuring the replacement surgery is long lasting. Presently there are many newly discovered design changes which are helping to decrease bone loss due to surgical procedures, increase the stability of the shoulder post surgery and helps to extend the wear and tear of the various components which make up the shoulder replacement joint.

What do these changes mean?

Over the last few years the latest advancements in both materials and techniques has helped to improve the success rate of the different surgeries. Presently, joint replacement surgeries are successful over 90% of the time. They are also slowly increasing how long the new joint lasts and it is expected that with the latest advancements this is only going to improve.

How to Reduce the Risk of Back Pain

Aerobic Exercise
Aerobics

There can be many different risk factors for developing back pain; some of them are controllable while factors like genetics or again which predispose an individual to a specific condition are not. It is not uncommon for back pain to strike an individual that has absolutely no risk factors at all. However, in most cases there are some things that can be done in order to protect oneself. Of course, it is always advisable to discuss any back pain with your primary care physician or other health care professional who is knowledgeable about spine health. Continue reading “How to Reduce the Risk of Back Pain”

What Causes Back Pain?

Pain in lower back
Back Pain

One of the most common patient complaints is back pain and most of us will experience it at one time or another. The good thing is that about half of those who experience the discomfort of back pain will find relief in about 2 weeks; and nearly all will be relieved of the pain within 3 months time no matter what type of treatment options are pursued. Most of the time back pain is due to muscular strain which is resolved in time since muscles receive plenty of blood flow. A solid supply of blood will bring the needed proteins and nutrients to help healing occur. Back pain can be a minor irritation, or it can be very severe; for many it can be debilitating. For individuals under the age of 45, back pain is the leading cause of disability. It is important to see a physician if back pain is intense, limits your mobility, or cannot be controlled with over the counter medications. Continue reading “What Causes Back Pain?”

What is an ACL Tear?

ACL Tear symptoms
ACL Tear

Most individuals who watch sports have seen the falls players take in the course of the game and hear the sports announcers nearly wince when they announce the player sustained an ACL tear. This is one of the most common knee injuries. Those who participate in highly physical sports like soccer, basketball and football are the most likely athletes to injure the ACL.

Responsibility of the ACL in the Knee

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the four major knee ligaments that connect the tibia to the femur. The ACL is positioned inside the knee and runs diagonally through the middle. It is responsible for making sure that the tibia does not slide out of place. It also provides rotational stability in the knee. The ACL is positioned between the menisci which work like shock absorbers to help reduce stress between the femur and tibia. Continue reading “What is an ACL Tear?”