What is Facet Arthrosis?

Back X-ray
Spine X-ray

There are many spinal conditions that occur due to aging and facet arthrosis is one of them. Facet arthrosis occurs as the joints located in the spine start to deteriorate and the cartilage in these joints starts to wear away. The cartilage is a very important factor in keeping the back and spine mobile. Cartilage is a type of connective tissue that keeps the bones in a joint from rubbing together; it covers the facet joints and provides protection by intercepting friction or strain. As the body ages the cartilage can wear away and allow the bones in the joint to come into contact with each other. This can lead to pain, stiffness or bone spurs in many individuals.

How does a physician diagnose facet arthrosis?

When a physician or orthopedic doctor suspects facet arthrosis, they will usually order an x-ray of the area. In most cases, this will reveal any abnormal facets. In order to get a more thorough look, the physician may also order a CT scan. This will offer the physician or spine specialist a better look of the spinal structures. In most instances, an MRI will not be required in order to diagnose the spinal condition but when looking for various causes of back pain it may be useful. Continue reading “What is Facet Arthrosis?”

What is Lumbar Laminectomy?

Relived legs
Woman’s legs

A lumbar laminectomy is a surgical procedure that is also known as an open decompression. The procedure is designed to relieve the pressure that is on the spinal nerve or spinal cord by opening or widening the spinal canal. During the procedure, the lamina which is a small section of the bone on the spine is removed so that there is more room for the nerves. An open decompression, or lumbar laminectomy is typically suggested by a physician for those patients who suffer from back pain caused by neural impingement. The surgical procedure relieves the pressure by enlarging the spinal canal. Continue reading “What is Lumbar Laminectomy?”

How to Reduce the Risk of Back Pain

Aerobic Exercise
Aerobics

There can be many different risk factors for developing back pain; some of them are controllable while factors like genetics or again which predispose an individual to a specific condition are not. It is not uncommon for back pain to strike an individual that has absolutely no risk factors at all. However, in most cases there are some things that can be done in order to protect oneself. Of course, it is always advisable to discuss any back pain with your primary care physician or other health care professional who is knowledgeable about spine health. Continue reading “How to Reduce the Risk of Back Pain”

What Causes Back Pain?

Pain in lower back
Back Pain

One of the most common patient complaints is back pain and most of us will experience it at one time or another. The good thing is that about half of those who experience the discomfort of back pain will find relief in about 2 weeks; and nearly all will be relieved of the pain within 3 months time no matter what type of treatment options are pursued. Most of the time back pain is due to muscular strain which is resolved in time since muscles receive plenty of blood flow. A solid supply of blood will bring the needed proteins and nutrients to help healing occur. Back pain can be a minor irritation, or it can be very severe; for many it can be debilitating. For individuals under the age of 45, back pain is the leading cause of disability. It is important to see a physician if back pain is intense, limits your mobility, or cannot be controlled with over the counter medications. Continue reading “What Causes Back Pain?”

Preventing Varicose Veins

Woman's legs
Woman’s legs

Varicose veins are a very common occurrence as roughly 50 percent of the women in the United States and about 40 percent of the men will suffer from some sort of vein problem. Typically about half of the people who are 50 years of age and older will be affected by varicose veins. Veins in the body are vessels which carry nutrients and oxygen to the body cells via the blood. The veins also carry various types of waste products such as carbon dioxide away from the cells so that the cells do not become cluttered. Varicose veins can develop if steady blood flow is interrupted. This interruption can cause blood to pool in small amounts in the veins and the veins enlarge in response.

Common Treatment Options

There are ways to effectively treat varicose veins through lifestyle changes or medical treatment options. The goal is to relieve the symptoms, prevent complications from developing and improve appearance. Some simple lifestyle changes may be appropriate if there are no complications or if the condition is mild. Continue reading “Preventing Varicose Veins”

What is an ACL Tear?

ACL Tear symptoms
ACL Tear

Most individuals who watch sports have seen the falls players take in the course of the game and hear the sports announcers nearly wince when they announce the player sustained an ACL tear. This is one of the most common knee injuries. Those who participate in highly physical sports like soccer, basketball and football are the most likely athletes to injure the ACL.

Responsibility of the ACL in the Knee

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the four major knee ligaments that connect the tibia to the femur. The ACL is positioned inside the knee and runs diagonally through the middle. It is responsible for making sure that the tibia does not slide out of place. It also provides rotational stability in the knee. The ACL is positioned between the menisci which work like shock absorbers to help reduce stress between the femur and tibia. Continue reading “What is an ACL Tear?”

Types of Joint Replacements

Joint Replacement
Joint Pain

There are several types of joint replacements that are commonly performed. Board certified surgeons can perform hip replacements, knee replacements, and shoulder replacements. These are the most common types of replacements but finger, toe and elbow joints can also be replaced. Most of the time, a joint is replaced to increase a person’s mobility and improve function. What type of joint replacement is used will depend largely on which type of joint is being replaced; and the types of movements that are required from the joint. There are several different arthroplastic replacements that are available. Continue reading “Types of Joint Replacements”

Healthy Running Tips for Adults

Healthy running
Running

Running is one of the latest fitness crazes that is sweeping the nation. Every weekend there are races of different distances from the 5K to the full marathon. And for good reason, running is one of the most effective ways of maintaining and improving cardiovascular fitness, especially as we age. It is quite simple to find a simple beginner’s training program that will help you move from a sedentary lifestyle to running your first 5K. And for those who have been running for awhile, the full marathon is a challenge well accepted. But as a runner, it is very important to protect your body from injury and to run safely. Before beginning any running regimen, always get clearance from your physician. Here are a few tips for adult runners. Continue reading “Healthy Running Tips for Adults”

How to Maintain Joint Health

Joint Health and suppliments
Joint Health

Maintaining joint health is very important, especially as the body ages. Many experts agree that by preventing many common joint problems, the risk of developing arthritis later in life is diminished. It is important to retain flexibility and keep the joints moving in a safe and healthy way. There are several ways that good joint health can be maintained, here are a few tips.

Regular Exercise

No matter what a person’s age bracket it is important to continue being active. This is not only good for maintaining joint health, but it is important to a person’s overall health. Regular exercise can help improve circulation so that joints receive the blood flow that is necessary to remain healthy. Before starting any type of exercise regimen it is important to speak with your NJ physician to determine what type of exercises are appropriate. Most experts suggest at least 30 minutes a day of exercise. Walking is a great way to keep your joints in shape without causing them damage. For those who already have any sort of joint problems, ask your physician about low impact exercises such as swimming or biking. IF weight training is appropriate and okayed by the physician it can be a great asset for the joints by strengthening the ligaments and muscles around the joints. Weight training, when done properly can help protect joints by making them stronger and less likely to be damaged. Continue reading “How to Maintain Joint Health”

Skin Cancer Prevention Tips

Skin Cancer Prevention
Skin Cancer Prevention

The sun’s UV rays can be harmful to our skin in many ways. Not only can they cause skin cancer, UV rays can also cause premature aging, macular degeneration (blindness) and immuno suppression (weakening of the body so that it cannot protect itself). Protecting our skin from the harmful rays can prevent most skin cancers according to the most recent research. By providing protection for our skin we reduce the risk of developing skin cancer. There are several practices that are recommended by the American Academy of Dermatology. Continue reading “Skin Cancer Prevention Tips”